Posted by: chuckbumgardner | January 14, 2008

Adam, Christ, and Temptation

Jesus Christ, Paul indicates, is the Last Adam (1 Cor 15:45, o` e;scatoj VAda.m, ho eschatos Adam).  The first Adam was made a living soul, Paul notes, quoting Genesis 2:7; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit.
Elsewhere, Paul indicates that because of Adam’s disobedience, sin entered the world, and all were condemned as sinners. However, because of Christ’s obedience, many are made righteous. (Rom 5:12-19)
Luke makes an interesting connection in this regard, not explicitly, but more subtly.  We learn from Mark that after Jesus was baptized, “the Spirit immediately drove him out into the wilderness.”  In spite of this close conjunction of the baptism and temptation, however, we find that Luke inserts almost half a chapter of genealogy between the two (3:23-38). 

It is of note that in Luke’s account of Jesus’ baptism we find the Father claiming Jesus as His Son: “You are my beloved Son, with you I am well pleased” (3:22).  Then in Luke’s account of the temptation, we find Satan beginning two of his enticements with “If you are the Son of God . . .” (4:3, 9).  

In a very interesting connection, however, we find the inserted genealogy beginning with Jesus and moving back to Adam.  And in 3:38, as the genealogy ends, we find, “the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.” (Strikingly, Bock [Luke 1:1 – 9:50, BECNT, 360] notes, “No example of such an ending exists in genealogies in the OT, Pseudepigrapha, Qumran writings, or rabbinic literature.”) The Greek text has only “of God” (tou theou), but the word “son” seems clearly implied, as throughout the genealogy.  If the artificial break between chapters 3 and 4 is ignored, then, we have Adam as the son of God, and two verses later, Satan applies the title “Son of God” to Jesus.

It appears that Luke is drawing a contrast between the first “son of God” and the ultimate “Son of God.” (This contrast is also mentioned in passing in I. Howard Marshall, The Gospel According to Luke, NIGTC, 161).  Where Adam caved in, Christ conquered.


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